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We are working on ways to isolate antimatter. This involves suspending these particles in an almost complete vacuum. Possibly this could happen in the vacuum of outer space.
We see the constant production of antimatter all around us because of the nuclear decay of unstable forms of the basic elements. But they instantly encounter ordinary matter and annihilate. We detect the high energy electromagnetic radiation resulting from these encounters. This happens almost immediately unless the antiparticles are completely isolated.
“But where do these particles come from and how are they generated”, asked Blake.
“Dirac proposed an interesting theory as to their origin. He speculated that our space is full of negative energy particles which because of their negative energy are almost completely invisible. Positive energy particles make up all matter that surrounds us and we consist of.
Dirac delved into the origin of his new particles, which were later called positrons and had been previously detected. He speculated the presence of layers of negative energy electrons. I should mention that besides matter-antimatter particles another phenomenon had been detected. This was the creation of antimatter–matter pairs. High energy electromagnetic radiation of just the right energy to match the mass energy of the matter-antimatter particles suddenly transforms into two particles. This is the opposite of annihilation.
‘Dirac explained this by proposing that the gamma rays strike a negative energy electron and had given it enough energy to jump into our positive energy space. At the same time it had created a hole in the negative energy space which we perceive as a positron.’
‘ If what Dirac proposed was true then indeed space becomes a marvelous and mysterious entity. The negative energy level of particles is one of the constituents of the space of our universe. There is obviously a close connection between matter, energy and space.
This opens a richness of possibilities and a possible explanation for the increasing rate of expansion of the universe. The cosmologists from the old times posited the presence of what they called dark energy as a possible explanation for the expansion.
This was contradictory to the notion that our universe sprang into existence from an enormous explosion they called the Big Bang. The force of this primal event flung energy and matter outward and the cooling that followed led to the formation of all of the constituents of our universe from atoms to stars to galaxies. Energy and matter both exert gravitational force and this should slow the expansion.
But this is contrary to what cosmologists found. In fact the expansion is not slowing down. They theorized that this mysterious dark energy was creating a force that was increasing the rate of expansion. They had few ideas as to how or why this was happening.
Some said the strength of the gravitational force for some mysterious reason changed during different time periods. But they had no explanation for how or why.’
‘We go back to Dirac’s notion of how matter and antimatter came out of negative energy matter. We propose that this matter actually exerts a repulsive gravitational force rather than the usual attraction exerted by ordinary matter.’
‘Where there is an absence of ordinary matter in intergalactic space the negative energy particles exert a repulsive force on matter within galaxies, increasing the rate of expansion.’
“What you are talking about is essentially antigravity. If we could isolate negative energy particles we could create a whole new technology giving us the ability to fly anywhere. The combinations of antimatter/matter energy and anti gravity could allow us to develop a totally new civilization”. Blake was jubilant at bringing heaven to Earth.
These are projects my students can begin working on. Many of our young people are wanting to pursue new research. We have many who want to gain a deeper understanding of nature and its laws and we have many who want to apply those laws to produce technologies that will benefit every living being on Earth,” Alpha added.